Daegu is a basin surrounded by mountains on all sides and has the Geumho River and Sincheon Stream running through the city. Daegu became a major settlement in about 1000 B.C.
Around 100 A.D. Daegu was called 'Dalguhwa' or 'Dalgubol'. It means big heights' and it was renamed as its present name, Daegu in 1780. It also means 'big city'. Since then, it has been the center of Gyeongsang province, as the industry developed and its geographic importance increased and since Gyeongsang-gamyeong, the provincial government office in 1601 was established in Daegu. It has been the center of administration, business and military of the Yeongnam region.
In 1907, under the colony of Japan, the National Debt Repayment Movement, one of the national independence movements first began in Daegu, which we, the Daegu people are so proud of. In July, 1981 Daegu was upgraded to a Jikhalsi, or a district under the direct control of central government, and its area was extended to be 455.90㎢. With the beginning of historic local autonomy in July 1995, it became a metropolitan city. In March 1995, it absorbed Dalseong-gun, a county in its neighborhood, and its area increased to 885.30㎢, and its population jumped to 2.5 million, changing itself to a metropolitan city. Because of its size, location and diversity, Daegu was a host city of the 2002 World Cup Finals.
For its climate, it is very dry and the difference of the temperature through a year is extreme. It rains very alot in Daegu and the change of seasons is very rapid.
Below are some statistics about the city.
Annual Average Temperature : 14.2 ℃
The hottest month(August) : average temperature 26.3 ℃
The coldest month(January) : average temperature 0.8 ℃
Annual Average Rainfall : 1,059.6 ㎜
The highest month(August) : 217.9 ㎜
The lowest month(December) : 15.5 ㎜
Daegu is about a two and a half hour train ride from Seoul and about an hour and a half from Busan.
Click on this sentence to find out what makes colorful Daegu the city of Hope..